Cusco, the capital of the Inca empire.

Cusco is one of the most magical cities in the world. It has a different atmosphere, almost energetic, difficult to explain.

It is the gateway to Machu Picchu, one of the new wonders of the world. It also stands out for its incredible streets, buildings and several of the most impressive archeological sites in America.

Cusco is located in the Andes, at 3,400 meters above sea level. Its original name is Qosqo, navel in Quechua, since it was the capital of Tahuantinsuyo (Inca Empire). During the time of the viceroyalty, he also stood out as one of the important cities of his time.

Without further ado, we are going to narrate our experience both in the city and in the archaeological sites of the surroundings. We speak about Machu Picchu in this post in more detail.



1st day in Cusco (historical center, museum of the site of Coricancha and regional dances)

The first day, as we arrived from Lima in the morning, we took the opportunity to visit the center of Cusco, relaxing in these streets with so much history in each of its buildings, stones, … We also hired the tours through the archeological sites and bought the tourist ticket to enter them (information and tourism office, Av. 103 Office 102).

And to our surprise, the first thing that we found at the height of the Main square was a festive parade. The first dancers dressed very colorfully, with the colors of the frigate bird, red and white, that give the color to the flag of Peru.

folclore 1

The following ones were more “special”, they represented to nice drunks; Nose and rosy cheeks, bottle in hand and unsteady walks.

folclore 2

We continued our journey through the center and the next thing with what we found was a landmark in the ground that marked the direction of the ‘Suyos’. Chinchaysuyo, Antisuyo, Qollasuyo, and Kuntisuyo were the regions in which the Inca empire was divided, or Tahuantinsuyo, being Qosqo (navel) the center of the same.

suyos

Once in the Main square, we were able to marvel at the buildings that surround it, the main one being the cathedral. After observing it from the outside, we went in and walked the whole, is what we liked the choir, with its spectacular stone carved wood and the great music stand located in the center.

catedral de Cusco

We also visit the Church of the Company of Jesus (Jesuits), which is also in the Main Square. Once we saw her, we went up one side of the square looking for a restaurant. It is from here where we had the best views of the square and the church.

Jesuitas

We have lunch at the Sumaqcha restaurant, number 339 on Sweden Street. It is a totally recommendable place. We ordered trout and guinea fowl, both typical dishes from the mountain range, and they were spectacular. Good portions, good quality, and an adjusted price.

After eating, and having an ice cream in the Main Square, we continue our visit to one of the most photographed places of Cusco: 12-angle stone. It is incredible the work that the Incas did centuries ago to fit so accurately several large stones, more even with the tools they had.

piedra de 12 angulos

Our next destination was the Coricancha site museum, located under the temple gardens. We visited before the Coricancha because one of the tours we hired was already included with a guide.

museo sitio coricancha

In this museum, we could see the origin of the civilization that inhabited Cusco, models of the origin of the Coricancha, different archaeological remains of the area: ceramics, textile remains, instruments, sculptures, etc … You can also see some mummies and deformed skulls (elongated), which belonged to the ruling class. This shape of the skull was achieved by compressing the head of children with different fabrics.

Once we leave the museum we continue our journey through the streets of this beautiful city, which mixes an Inca past with a colonial one.

Cusco Street

At 18:00 we approach Qosqo Native Art Center, included in the tourist ticket. We went with enough time, 1 hour before the first session, as large queues form and the theater is not very big. Here we could see live folk dances of the region of Cusco, rich not only in archaeological remains.

Typical dances of cusco

Source: Qosqo Center

Back to the hotel, on the same street as the theater, we could see several murals depicting the history of Cusco. They are not great works, but they complement the charm of the city.

Cusco wall

After resting for a while in the hotel, we went out again for dinner in a restaurant. Just after arriving at the Main square we saw that there is also a Papachos in Cusco. This is a restaurant by famed Peruvian chef Gastón Acurio. Its specialties are hamburgers, ribs, chicken, … but Peruvian style, with excellent raw materials and recipes based on typical Andean cuisine.

papachos Cusco

A few drinks in the center and we went to sleep, the next day we would start very soon with the visits.

2nd Day in Cusco (Ollantaytambo and Chinchero)

We got up early and went down to breakfast. The hotel was an old colonial house, so we could enjoy breakfast in the same inner courtyard. We took strength for the trip with a coca mate, Andean cheese, scrambled eggs and bread.

colonial house of Cusco

Almost at the time, the minibus of the agency appeared and we began the trip to the Sacred Valley of the Incas, heading first to Ollantaytambo.

During the journey of 90 km, we stop at various places to take pictures and, as in any excursion, to see local shops and markets. Prices were usually more expensive than in Cusco (or Lima), so unless you see something that catches your eye we do not recommend buying there.

paisaje valle sagrado incas

And finally, we come to Ollantaytambo, key location in the control of the sacred valley.

ollantaytambo terrazas

If you look at one of the mountains in the valley you can observe, with a little imagination, the face of the Inca.

ollantaytambo cara inca

And, just in front of the archaeological zone, you can see the deposits that were used to store food. Due to the wind that runs through the valley, to the shaded area and to the great walls the food remained in good condition longer.

ollantaytambo depositos

Climbing the steep stairs, you reach the ceremonial zone of this settlement. This part is one of the best preserved.

There you can see a wall with the Inca cross carved in it. This was the ceremonial altar and, like all the Inca constructions, the stones that conform it fit perfectly.

ollantaytambo cruz inca

Ollantaytambo we liked. It is not as grandiose as the citadel of Machu Picchu, but it has its charm as well.

We continue the trip back to Cusco and we passed by the archaeological site of Chinchero . In this place you can see the ruins of an Inca temple and, in contrast, a colonial church opposite.

Chinchero

Source: Wikimedia Commons

Once in Cusco we had dinner, walked around the Plaza de Armas (main square) and we could see that even at night it still maintains its charm.

Cusco at night



3rd day in Cusco (Coricancha, Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Tambomachay and Puca Pucara)

This day we take it calmer taking advantage of that the most excursions of the tour that we contract are realized after the lunch.

We started the morning a little later and took a leisurely walk around the center of Cusco. During this walk, we visited craft markets where we could find: chullos (Andean cap), baby alpaca scarves, nativity inside pumpkins, tumis (ceremonial Incan knife), zampoñas, and kenas (Andean flutes). We bought some souvenirs to take us to Lima.

Once we had lunch, we arrived at the hotel and waited for the agency van to start the tour.

First, we went to the Coricancha or convent of Santo Domingo , in the heart of Cusco. This place is not included in the tourist ticket, so you will have to pay 10 soles to enter (almost 3 euros).

Coricancha fachada muro

The guide explained the story. First, the name, which means golden enclosure. The temple was home to several temples and walls covered with gold, according to the chroniclers.

Already inside we were seeing the mixture of cultures. On the one hand, there were the remains of several Inca temples, such as the temples of the sun, moon, and rainbows.

Coricancha templo

We could also see a representation of what is believed to be the high altar of the Temple of the Sun.

Coricancha altar mayor

On the other hand, the typical dependencies of a colonial convent: period paintings, coffered ceilings, the cloister,…

Convento Coricancha

claustro Coricancha

Already at the end of the tour, you can see the solar garden and beautiful views of the hills located on the outskirts of Cusco.

Coricancha jardin solar

We continued our tour and we headed to Sacsayhuaman, one of the most representative places of Cusco. It is located to 2 km of the city, the reason why it took little time to arrive.

Sacsayhuaman panoramica

The view of the place is breathtaking. It is an ancient fortress that protected the city of Cusco. At present, it remains in the place part of the 3 walls that existed since the place was used as the quarry of stone for other constructions. Likewise, the place is great.

Sacsayhuaman nosotros

The stone blocks are impressive, weighing the largest of them about 140 tons.

Sacsayhuaman detalle piedra

It also impresses how they managed to fit stones of this size so perfectly with the media of that time.

Sacsayhuaman encajar piedra

If you are lucky enough to visit Cusco at the end of June, we recommend you buy tickets to see the Inti Raymi (Feast of the Sun). Every year, for the winter solstice (June 21), there is a representation of this ancient Inca party with hundreds of extras and professional actors. In Sacsayhuamán it is represented most of the event, so you need these tickets to enjoy the recreation of the feast.

We continue our journey to Tambomachay, 10 km from Cusco.

Here we could see the remains of a temple that served as water worship. It has several waterfalls and water channels. In addition, a few meters from the place, you can see the remains of a tower that served as a control entrance to the city. Here was one of the Inca roads that communicated the different regions of the Inca empire.

tambomachay

As it is a tourist site you will find vendors of all types and villagers with llamas or alpacas for the corresponding photo. We could not resist …

llama

We continued the trip and, on the way to Qenqo, we stopped for a moment to take a photo outside of Puca Pucara. We did not get in as it does not have as much interest and looks better from the outside. Puca Pucara is a fortress on the outskirts of the city.

puca pucara

Instead, Qenqo, it has more history. It is an ancient temple in the form of an amphitheater and whose altar is on an underground grotto. The exact meaning is unknown so far.

Qenqo

Source: Wikimedia Commons

In Cusco, we went straight to a restaurant to have dinner and to sleep. It had been a rather tired trip.

4th day in Cusco

We already flew back to Lima, we did not have any more vacation days. We were able to visit the main tourist sites but we missed seeing some: Pisac, Moray, the statue of Pachacutec and the regional history museum. For us, they were less priority, but you may have another criterion.

For reference, we show below a small summary of them in case you’re luckier than us and have time (all are included in the tourist ticket).

    • Pisac

      Village and archeological site located 30 km from Cusco. In the Inca part, you can visit the remains of temples and observe the agricultural terraces. The new part is constituted by the colonial town.

      pisac

      Source: Wikimedia Commons
    • Moray

      Archaeological site located 50 km from Cusco. It stands out for its agricultural terraces. In addition, it is located near the village of Maras, famous for its salt mines.

      moray

      Source: Wikimedia Commons
    • Museum of regional history

      Museum located in the house of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, author of the book ‘Real Comments Of the Incas’. In this place you will be able to contemplate: archaeological pieces, Inca textile, historical documents, ceramics, …

    • Monument to the Inca Pachacutec

      Monument in honor to the Inca that expanded the Inca empire (Tahuantinsuyo). Located at the intersections of El Sol, San Martin, and Army avenues.

      Pachacutec tower

      Fuente: Wikimedia Commons



We loved the magic of this city and its archaeological sites, perfect complement of a trip to one of the wonders of the world: Machu Picchu.

Configure your travel now and enjoy one of the best tourist destinations in the world.

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Kiss and hugs.

Gaviotina

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