The origin of the Children of the Sun is mythological, as is the foundation of the city of Rome. If the Romans had their myth, being Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome, breastfed by the Capitoline Wolf, the Tahuantinsuyo (Inca Empire) would not be less.
Although there are several sources that speak of the origin of the Children of the Sun and the domains of Cuzco (future origin of Tahuantinsuyo), we are going to tell you the story transmitted by the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega in his book “Royal Comments of the Incas” (Lisbon, 1609). (Buy the book)
The Inca Garcilaso de la Vega? Garcilaso de la Vega will sound like many to you, but as a 16th-century Spanish military and poet, not as a chronicler of the history of Peru.
Actually, the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega was called Gómez Suárez de Figueroa and was a nephew-grandson of the Spanish military and poet. This is why he uses this pseudonym as a way to honor his uncle (possibly also to gain notoriety)
We believe that it is a good source since it is the fruit of the miscegenation of the incipient Viceroyalty of Peru. His father was the Spanish capital Sebastián Garcilaso de la Vega and his mother a ñusta (princess) Inca. Who better than him to explain the myths and stories of Peru!
Before the arrival of the Children of the Sun
The Inca Garcilaso de la Vega tells us that in his childhood you heard stories of Inca relatives, but it was not until his adolescence that he asked an uncle of his about these stories. Specifically, about the origin of the ancient Incas. And he asked because he saw that the Spaniards had books that talked about past stories hundreds of years ago (the Incas had no writing, only traditional oral).
“Inca, uncle, because there is no writing among you, which is what keeps the memory of past things, what news do you have of the origin and principle of our kings? Because there the Spaniards and the other nations their regions, as they have divine and human histories, know for them when their Kings and others began to reign and the exchange of empires in others, until knowing how many thousand years God has created heaven and the earth, that all this and much more know that their books. But you who lack them, what memory do you have of your antiques? Who was the first of our Incas? What was his name? What was the origin of his lineage?” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
To which his uncle answered with the following words:
“Nephew, I will tell you very willingly; it is convenient for you to hear them and keep them in your heart (it is a phrase of them to say from memory). You will know that in the ancient centuries all this region of land that you see were great mountains and heathlands, and the people at that time lived like wild animals and animals, without religion or police, without people or houses, […] lived from two in two and three in three, as they were right to gather in the caves and cracks of rocks and caverns of the earth. In short, they lived like deer and sausages, and even in women they had been like the brutes because they didn’t know how to have them own and known.” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
Origin of the Children of the Sun
And he continued explaining how the Sun God (Inti) sent two of his sons to instruct man, allowing them to live as such and not as brutes. That is the origin of the Children of the Sun. Help men.
In addition, its arrival on earth does not occur anywhere. The Lake Titicaca, the cradle of the Tiahuanaco civilization and located at 4,000 meters above sea level, is the chosen site.
“Our Father the Sun, seeing men as I have told you, took pity on them and there was pity of them and sent from heaven to earth a son and a daughter of his own to be taught in the knowledge of Our Father the Sun, for what that they worshiped and had for their God and that they should be given precepts and laws in which they lived as men in reason and urbanity, so that they lived in houses and populated towns, knew how to till the lands, cultivate the plants and harvest the cattle and enjoy them and of the fruits of the earth as rational men and not as beasts. With this order and mandate Our Father the Sun put these two sons of his in the Titicaca lagoon, which is eighty leagues from here […]” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
The search for settlement
But it is not on Lake Titicaca where they settle, since the Sun God tells them to look for a fertile place. This is why they must go and find the right place.
“[…], and he told them that they wanted to do it and, wherever they stopped to eat or sleep, they tried to push a gold bar of half a long rod and two thick fingers that he gave them as a sign and sign, that wherever they swept them sank with a single blow that with it they gave on land, there the sun wanted our Father to stop and make their seat and cut.” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
They continued a long march, stopping in different places, but without result. None of them was chosen.
“Having declared his will Our Father the Sun to his two sons, he dismissed them. They left Titicaca and walked to the North, and all the way, wherever they stopped, they tempted to push the gold bar and never sank. Thus they entered a sale or small bedroom, which is seven and eight leagues at noon, this city, which today they call Pacarec Tampu, which means sale or sleeping that dawns. Put this name on the Inca because he came out of that sleeping while dawn.” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
Arrival to Qosqo of the Children of the Sun
So until they reached the current Cuzco Valley, where the gold bar sank into the ground and indicated that it was the right place. It is here that founded the city of Qosqo, which means navel in Quechua.
“From there he and his wife, our Queen, came to this valley of Cusco, which then all of it was made brave mountain.” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XV), Lisbon, Portugal. –
“The first stop they made in this valley – said the Inca – was on the hill called Huanacauri, at noon this city. There he tried to land the gold bar, which very easily sank them to the first blow they hit with it, which they saw no more. Then our Inca said to his sister and wife: In this valley, Our Father commands the Sun to stop and make our seat and dwelling place to fulfill his will.” – Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, (1609). Royal Comments of the Incas (First Book, Chapter XVI), Lisbon, Portugal. –
The legacy of the Children of the Sun in Peru
The origin of the Children of the Sun is a beautiful mythological story of the foundation of Tahuantinsuyo, but don’t just stay with this story. Travel to Peru and discover these mythical places for yourself:
- Titicaca Lake: Origin of the Children of the Sun, of the Tiahuanaco culture and of the Uros (with their totora platforms). It is a magical place and full of energy at 4,000 meters above sea level. Its shape, seen from space, resembles a cougar hunting a hare. (Read more about lake Titicaca)
- Cusco: It was the center of the power of the Incas (Kings), navel (Qosqo) of the Inca Empire (Tahuantinsuyo). Today it shows a beautiful Creole miscegenation, with monuments and ruins of Inca and Spanish origin. And you should not only visit the city, but there are also many interesting archeological sites in the surroundings: Sacsayhuaman, Qenqo, Maras, Ollantaytambo, Tambomachay, Puca Pucara, Pisac, … (Read more about Cuzco, the capital of Tahuantinsuyo)
- Machu Picchu Citadel: Built by order of the Inca Pachacutec, it is one of the modern wonders of the world. There is no other place that combines nature, history, art and energy like these magnificent ruins. (Read more about Machu Picchu)
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